These expert tips will not only help you turn out perfect pasta dishes every time, they’ll also answer that age old question: Should you throw a strand of pasta up against the wall to see if it’s done?

Pasta may just be the ultimate comfort food, except when it comes time to prepare it. Salt the water? Rinse the cooked noodles? The controversy abounds, so we’ve turned to two major names in the world of pasta: Chef Carmine Di Giovanni of New York’s Aunt Jake’s, and Glenn Rolnick, executive chef at Carmine’s. Their pasta palaces dot the culinary landscape from New York to Las Vegas, and they reveal, once and for all, the right way to prepare everything from spaghetti to linguine.

1. You don’t salt the water

Chef Di Giovanni, Aunt Jake’s: Absolutely yes, you should salt the water.

Chef Rolnick, Carmine’s: Yes, salt it—about one tablespoon of salt per gallon of water.

Salt is added to the water to improve the taste of the pasta, but if someone at the table is on a low-sodium diet, you can leave it out and let each person salt their own serving.

2. You add a splash of olive oil to the water

Chef Di Giovanni, Aunt Jake’s: Oil is not necessary.

Chef Rolnick, Carmine’s: No oil—it will make the pasta gummy

Despite what almost everyone thinks, this is a major no-no, and nearly all famous pasta chefs agree.

3. You completely drain the cooked pasta

Chef Di Giovanni, Aunt Jake’s: No, the pasta water will add a silky texture to your sauce.

Chef Rolnick, Carmine’s: Just drain through colander.

4. You rinse the cooked pasta

Chef Di Giovanni, Aunt Jake’s: That’s a definite NO. I get this question all the time. It’s a huge mistake to rinse it. The starch adds a smooth velvet-like richness to your sauce.

Chef Rolnick, Carmine’s: No

The issue is that by rinsing pasta, you remove starch that helps sauces cling to the cooked pasta.

5. You set aside some pasta water for the sauce

Chef Di Giovanni, Aunt Jake’s: If your sauce is too thick then, yes. Otherwise, the strained pasta will retain some water on it, which should be enough for the sauce.

Chef Rolnick, Carmine’s: No. Sauce should be flavourful without needing to dilute.

Some chefs feel that adding some of the drained off water to a sauce will help it to bond with pasta—try it both ways and make your own call.

6. You only use dried pasta

Chef Di Giovanni, Aunt Jake’s: Boxed pasta (dry) works well for pasta salads, otherwise always try to use fresh. It’s a night and day difference.

Chef Rolnick, Carmine’s: You can use fresh when it’s available, but serve immediately after draining. Dried pastas will sit a little better.

7. You freeze your leftovers

Chef Di Giovanni, Aunt Jake’s: Fresh pasta freezes very well, but never defrost it to cook it. If cooked directly from frozen into hot water, you would never know the difference. But once defrosted after being frozen, just throw it away. The water crystals in the dough cause it to get soggy or as Aunt Jake would say “mooshsda”

8. You throw a strand of cooked pasta against a wall to see if it’s done

Chef Di Giovanni, Aunt Jake’s: Not unless you like cleaning it up afterwards.

Chef Rolnick, Carmine’s: No. Better to taste and look for a little bite or texture.